Page created by María Rodriguez and Andrea Ors


Spain is a democratic nation, this means that the ones that govern in Spain, are elected by the citizens.

There are needed some coexistence rules to govern. These rules are contained in the Spanish constitution. It reflects all the rights and duties of Spanish citizens and the system of government in Spain. The Spanish nation is recognized as a parliamentary monarchy.

The Spanish state is made up of the citizens and the Spanish territories.The head of state is Juan Carlos I, which submits to the decission of the Parliament .

The powers are divide into: legislative power, executive power and judiciary power.

Divisions of powers in Spain

Legislative power

The legislative power or power to make the laws, has got it the parliament which in Spain is called the Courts. It is divided into two chambers: the Congress of Deputies and the Senate of senators.

Executive Power

The Govern has got the executive power. The President of the Govern is named by the Courts. Once approved by the king, the President of the Govern, names the ministers that will help him to govern Spain.
There are different ministers: of agriculture, education, interior, economy, exteriors...

Judiciary Power

The judges have got the judiciary power. The Courts oj Justice are in charge of prove that the laws are correctly carried out. The two most important courts are: the Suprem Court, which is the most important, and the Constitucional Courts, which is in charge of prove that the constitution is correctly carried out.

The Main Political Parties

The four main political parties which have representation in the General Courts are:

the PSOE
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The PP

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the IU

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the UPD

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Moncloa Palace

The Moncloa Palace is located in Madrid. It was built in 1642. The Palace itself was destroyed during the Spanish Civil War It was later rebuilt and has served as the official residence to the President of the Government.

The residence is surrounded by several other buildings which all together form the Moncloa complex.The ministry of the president is situated in this complex, as well as the vice presidencies (when they exist) and the press office. The weekly cabinet meetings are usually held in La Moncloa.

Aereal view of the Moncloa Palace
Aereal view of the Moncloa Palace
Front part of the Moncloa Palace
Front part of the Moncloa Palace

Congress of Deputies

The Congress of Deputies is the lower house of the general Courts. They unite in the Palace of the Courts, located in Madrid.
It is form by a minimun of 300 and a maximun of 400 deputies. The Spanish Constitution established that the deputies are chosen by the province. The term of office of the deputies finish 4 years later.
This Congress also controle the action of the Gobern by means of questions, that any of its members can raise to the Govern.
It also choose the President of the Govern.

The building has a neoclassical style. It was designed by Narciso Pascual y Colomer, and built between 1843 and 1850.

Inside of the Congress of the Deputies
Inside of the Congress of the Deputies
Frontal part of the Congress of the Deputies
Frontal part of the Congress of the Deputies

Zarzuela Palace

The Zarzuela Palace is one of the Spanish Royal Family residences. Since the year 1963 is the private residence of the kings of Spain. But also the Prince and tne Princess of Asturias live there, in a palace inside of the enclosure. It's situated in El Pardo mounts.
The building, built in the XVII century, by the cardinal Don Fernando, is form by 3 floors. The first one used as an attic, basement where the kitchen and the office are located. In the second floor are located the offices of the king and his assistants. Also the library, the dining room and the sitting room. The last one is ocupated by the bedrooms, the guest rooms and study rooms.
In the last decade two wings were added to the building. In one of them were installed the private rooms of the Real Family; in the other, the offices and the security departament..
The Zarzuela Palace is also provide by a little church, a sportive zone and an heliport.

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Prime Minister of Spain

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero is the 5th and current constitutional Prime Minister of Spain since the 2004 general election, re-elected for a second term in 2008.

Some of the main actions taken by Zapatero administration were the Spanish troops withdrawal from the Iraq war , which resulted in a long term diplomatic tension with the George W. Bush administration, the increase of Spanish troops in Afghanistan, the idea of an Alliance of Civilizations, co-sponsored by the then Turkish Prime Minister, the same-sex marriage legalization, a controversial failed peace negotation attempt with ETA (a proscribed terrorist organisation), the increase of tobacco restrictions and the reform of various Autonomous Statutes , particularly the Statute of Catalonia.
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Political Organization of Madrid

The city of Madrid is governed by the City Hall of Madrid, which representants are chosenevery 4 years by all the citizens older than 18. The organ is presided by the Mayor of Madrid, from the municipal elections of 2003 by Alberto Ruíz Gallardón.

Madrid is administratively divided in 21 districts.

The 21 districts are:

1.Centro: Palacio, Embajadores, Cortes, Justicia, Universidad, Sol.
2.Arganzuela: Imperial, Acacias, Chopera, Legazpi, Delicias, Palos de Moguer, Atocha.
3.Retiro: Pacífico, Adelfas, Estrella, Ibiza, Jerónimos, Niño Jesús.
4.Salamanca: Recoletos, Goya, Fuente del Berro, Guindalera, Lista, Castellana.
5.Chamartín: El Viso, Prosperidad, Ciudad Jardín, Hispanoamérica, Nueva España, Castilla.
6.Tetuán: Bellas Vistas, Cuatro Caminos, Castillejos, Almenara, Valdeacederas, Berruguete.
7.Chamberí: Gaztambide, Arapiles, Trafalgar, Almagro, Vallehermoso, Ríos Rosas.
8.Fuencarral-El Pardo: El Pardo, Fuentelarreina, Peñagrande, Barrio del Pilar, La Paz, Valverde, Mirasierra, El Goloso.
9.Moncloa-Aravaca: Casa de Campo, Argüelles, Ciudad Universitaria, Valdezarza, Valdemarín, El Plantío, Aravaca.
10.Latina: Los Cármenes, Puerta del Ángel, Lucero, Aluche, Las Águilas, Campamento, Cuatro Vientos.
11.Carabanchel: Comillas, Opañel, San Isidro, Vista Alegre, Puerta Bonita, Buenavista, Abrantes.
12.Usera: Orcasitas, Orcasur, San Fermín, Almendrales, Moscardó, Zofío, Pradolongo.
13.Puente de Vallecas: Entrevías, San Diego, Palomeras Bajas, Palomeras Sureste, Portazgo, Numancia.
14.Moratalaz: Pavones, Horcajo, Marroquina, Media Legua, Fontarrón, Vinateros.
15.Ciudad Lineal: Ventas, Pueblo Nuevo, Quintana, Concepción, San Pascual, San Juan Bautista, Colina, Atalaya, Costillares.
16.Hortaleza: Palomas, Valdefuentes, Canillas, Pinar del Rey, Apóstol Santiago, Piovera.
17.Villaverde: San Andrés, San Cristóbal, Butarque, Los Rosales, Los Ángeles.
18.Villa de Vallecas: Casco Histórico de Vallecas, Santa Eugenia.
19.Vicálvaro: Casco Histórico de Vicálvaro, Ambroz.
20.San Blas: Simancas, Hellín, Amposta, Arcos, Rosas, Rejas, Canillejas, Salvador.
21.Barajas: Alameda de Osuna, Aeropuerto, Casco Histórico de Barajas, Timón, Corralejos.

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  • Consejeria of Culture y Sport and portavocía del Gobierno:
  • Consejeria of Presidency, Justice and Interior:
  • Consejeria of Economy and Treasury:
  • Consejería of Transports and Infrastructures:
  • Consejeria of Education:
  • Consejeria of Environment, Housing and zoning laws:
  • Consejeria of health:
  • Consejeria of family and social affairs:
  • Consejeria of employment, women and inmigration:

President of the Comunity of Madrid

Esperanza Aguirre Gil de Biedma is the president of the Comunity of Madrid. She belongs to the PP (People's Party).

After winning the Autonomic Elections celebrated in 2003, Esperanza Aguirre was chosen as the first president of an Autonomic Government in our country. In 2007, she was elected again as president of Madrid.

Esperanza Aguirre
Esperanza Aguirre